Wednesday, January 28, 2009

Any man's death diminishes me

While Ernest Hemingway’s short stories are without a doubt some of the finest in American literature and perhaps the best of what he had to offer, his message in For Whom the Bell Tolls is what I like to think of when I think of my grandfather. When he quotes from John Donne’s Meditation XVII, “No man is an Island, entire of itself." Ernest evokes at the same time the tragedy of the Spanish Civil War and the reality of the human condition. None of us, in spite of what we may believe, or have been told, is ever alone.

We are all in this together, or as Donne put it “Any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind." Still in hard times like these you can’t help but wonder if the mayor of Bay City, a small town in Michigan, ever had the time to read Donne or my grandfather’s novel and what he was thinking when he found out that he had allowed a 93 year old man to freeze to death in his home.

The Bay City house where Marvin E. Shur froze to death

Marvin E. Shur owed over a thousand dollars to the Bay City utility company and the company had put a “limiter”, a kind of automatic circuit breaker on Mr. Shur’s electricity meter. Over a period of ten days the limiter was designed to encourage the “client” to pay up, by slowly reducing the electricity that he could use. If, at any point, the 93 year old had decided to turn up the heating in his house (quite probable given the frigid artic temperatures outside, -23C/-10F) the limiter would have automatically shut off his power. The utility company says that Mr. Shur could have easily switched the power back on, but that would have meant going outside into the cold to flick a switch on the limiter and no one had bothered to contact the old man to tell him that he could do this, or to verify that he was physically capable of venturing outside.

Mr. Shur was a widower with no children and the city coroner estimates that he finally died of hypothermia two days after the limiter was installed on the 13th of January. On the 17th, his body was found by neighbors who noticed that the windows of his home had frosted over. Shur had tried to dress as warmly as he could with two pairs of pajamas, but it wasn’t nearly enough. The news of the death of this retied factory worker and World War II veteran, couldn’t perhaps compete with the torrent of corporate media hype surrounding Obama’s impending inauguration but it certainly had a lot to do with the country that the Prince of Hope was about to lead and the degeneration of America’s sense of solidarity and humanity.

Utility companies in many areas of the Midwest and Northeast of the US have been steadily increasing their rates, and for the poor, the unemployed and the elderly this is an enormous hardship. Often they are forced to decide between food or heating their homes. The mayor of Bay City, Charles Brunner (a democrat who later flew to Washington for Obama’s lavish inauguration festivities), has shown little remorse for what he has done. In fact, on the same day that Shur’s death was reported nationally the mayor voted with the town council to increase the town’s utility rates by 3%.

“We’ve gotten very creative in the ways we purchase power, but it’s a very complicated market and it’s an expensive market,” Brunner said after the meeting. “and we have to pass the costs on.”


Henrique Hemidio said...

Apesar disso não ser um problema aqui no Brasil, temos muitos outros "luxos" semelhantes... lamentável né, dizer mais o quê dessa falta de compromisso com o ser em sim do governo, antes de seus negócios.
É o capital!

John Hemingway said...

Ciao Henrique,
You're right, "capital" rules everything it would seem. I read an article today that apparently there have been a number of other cases of people freezing to death in the State of Michigan because their heating had been turned off by local utility companies.

Simply barbarous.


Laurene said...

Oi, John. Outro dia, no blog do Caetano, alguém disse que Ernest Hemingway adorava o Pound e que a prisão dele na Itália foi uma injustiça tramada por Roosevelt, que ele não era fascista...
What do you think about it?

John Hemingway said...

Well, my grandfather was always loyal to Pound. Pound helped Ernest out a great deal in the beginning of his career, putting him in touch with the right editors and in general promoting Ernest's work wherever he could. Ernest never forgot Pound's generosity.

However, Pound did do radio broadcasts for the Fascists during the war and this was an act of treason in the eyes of the US government. Ernest and other writers managed to get him out of his mental institution/prison in the late 1950's by petitioning the Eisenhower administration.

Pound had been saved from certain execution after the war by psychiatrists who admired his work and who declared that the great poet was mentally insane and not responsible for his actions in Italy.

But did he really believe in Fascism and its political agenda? Who knows?


Anonymous said...

John, Here is a link to a followup story to your post.

What a generous man . . .

John Hemingway said...

That's a great story, Denise. And to think that he had willed all of his money to the local hospital because he loved his community so much! Certainly a lot more than the Mayor of Bay City loved him...


Laurene said...

Hi, John.
I finally found the EMH letter that I had quoted. It´s on my blog.

Bye, best wishes
Lúcio Jr